Reports


Name Scores Description
Protein Intake
protein-intake
  • 0 = Less a protein seeker
  • 1 = Tend not to be a protein seeker, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to be a protein seeker
  • 4 = More a protein seeker
Protein intake, dictated by diet choice, varies substantially between individuals. There is evidence that this variation may in part be attributed to genetic variation, and contributes to differential risk in chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes.
References
Carbohydrate Intake
carbohydrate-intake
  • 0 = Less a carbohydrate seeker
  • 1 = Tend not to be a carbohydrate seeker, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to be a carbohydrate seeker
  • 4 = More a carbohydrate seeker
Carbohydrate intake, dictated by diet choice, varies substantially between individuals. There is evidence that this variation may in part be attributed to genetic variation, and contributes to differential risk in chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes.
References
Affinity for Red Wine
red-wine-liking
  • 0 = Lower affinity
  • 1 = Tend not to be a red wine lover, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to be a red wine lover
  • 4 = Higher affinity
Wine is one of the most beloved alcoholic drinks in the world. While recent research has identified a genetic marker indicating the preference for red wine, an affinity for red wine may equally likely develop due to exposure, preference of others, and social customs, even in the absence of such genetic variants. Interestingly, the effect of the genetic variant on affinity for red wine is twice as large in women than in men.
References
Affinity for White Wine
white-wine-liking
  • 0 = Lower affinity
  • 1 = Tend not to be a white wine lover, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to be a white wine lover
  • 4 = Higher affinity
Wine is one of the most beloved alcoholic drinks in the world. While recent research has identified a genetic marker indicating the preference for white wine, an affinity for white wine may equally likely develop due to exposure, preference of others, and social customs, even in the absence of such genetic variants. Interestingly, the effect of the genetic variant on affinity for white wine is twice as large in women than in men.
References
Smell Sensitivity for Malt
smell-sensitivity-for-malt
  • 0 = Less sensitive
  • 1 = Slightly less sensitive
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Somewhat sensitive
  • 4 = More sensitive
Smell sensitivity for food odors, including for malt, is heritable. A research study investigating smell sensitivity found participants to have unique profiles of smell sensitivities for various food odors, indicating that each individual experiences a slightly different olfactory world than the next person. Individuals who are sensitive to the smell of malt may have an affinity for the taste of malt-derived alcohol, such as beer.
References
Smoking Behavior
smoking-behavior
  • 0 = Less likely
  • 1 = Tend to not be a heavy smoker, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to be a heavy smoker
  • 4 = More likely
Smoking is a common risk factor for many diseases. There are genetic underpinnings for smoking quantity, smoking initiation, and smoking cessation. In other words, genetic variants that influence whether you smoke at all, how much you smoke, and whether you’re likely to quit exist. Of course, environmental factors, such as exposure and social norms, may impact smoking behavior as well.
References
Bitter Taste
bitter-taste
  • 0 = Less sensitive
  • 1 = Slightly less sensitive
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Somewhat sensitive
  • 4 = More sensitive
There is great individual difference in how easily we experience bitter taste, due to high genetic variation in the genes that code for bitter taste receptors expressed on our tongues. If you couldn’t stand the taste of brussel sprouts or green peppers as a kid, or the taste of coffee now, you may have hyper-sensitive bitter taste perception.
References
Caffeine Metabolite Ratio
caffeine-metabolite-ratio
  • 0 = Lower
  • 1 = Slightly slower
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slightly faster
  • 4 = Higher
Caffeine, whether in the form of coffee, tea, or energy drinks, is the most widely consumed psychoactive substance. There is wide interindividual variation in the ability to metabolize caffeine. This variation may also influence the level of caffeine consumption: In a research study, a lower concentration of metabolite in blood, indicating slower caffeine metabolism, was associated with lower caffeine consumption.
References
Caffeine Consumption
caffeine-consumption
  • 0 = Tend to consume less coffee
  • 1 = Tend to consume slightly less coffee
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Tend to consume slightly more coffee
  • 4 = Tend to consume more coffee
Caffeine consumption has wide interindividual variation. Besides genetic markers associated with caffeine metabolism, genetic markers implicated in vulnerability to addiction and blood pressure were also found to be associated with caffeine consumption.
References
Vitamin A
vitamin-a
  • 0 = Lower blood serum level
  • 1 = Slightly lower serum level
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slightly higher serum level
  • 4 = Higher blood serum level
Vitamin A is a group of fat soluble vitamins that includes the highly biologically active retinol. Retinol plays a critical role in protecting the health of your eyes and skin. If deficient in retinol, night blindness may occur and you may have a weakened skin barrier -- increasing the risk of infection. In contrast, too much retinol intake may bring about headaches and nausea, and abnormal fetal growth in pregnant women.
References
Agreeableness
agreeableness
  • 0 = Less agreeable
  • 1 = Tend not to be agreeable, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to be agreeable
  • 4 = More agreeable
Agreeableness is one of the five personality traits in the five-factor model, the well-known personality framework used in psychology. Agreeableness is the tendency to show compassion, trust and be helpful or cooperative toward others. While some of the personality links to certain genetic markers were replicated by further studies, some have less substantial evidence.
References
Neuroticism
neuroticism
  • 0 = Less easily neurotic
  • 1 = Not easily neurotic, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Somewhat easily neurotic
  • 4 = More easily neurotic
A neurotic person is prone to experiencing negative feelings like anxiety, depression, and emotional instability. Psychologists have defined neuroticism as one of the five psychological traits (the “Big 5”) forming the basis of personality.
References
Extraversion
extraversion
  • 0 = Less extroverted
  • 1 = Tend not to be an extrovert, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight extroversion tendency
  • 4 = More extroverted
Extraverts are energized by being around and interacting with other people. They tend to be enthusiastic, talkative, and don’t mind being the center of attention. Psychologists have defined extraversion as one of the five psychological traits (the “Big 5”) forming the basis of personality.
References
Conscientiousness
conscientiousness
  • 0 = Less conscientious
  • 1 = Tend not to be conscientious, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Somewhat conscientious
  • 4 = More conscientious
Conscientiousness is the quality of being fair to others and holding yourself morally responsible for your work. Psychologists have defined conscientiousness as one of the five psychological traits (the “Big 5”) forming the basis of personality.
References
Openness
openness
  • 0 = Less open-minded
  • 1 = Tend to be less open-minded than average
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Tend to be more open-minded than average
  • 4 = More open-minded
Openness indicates the extent to which a person is open to new experiences and ideas. Someone with a high level of openness is imaginative, curious, and open-minded. Psychologists have defined openness as one of the five psychological traits (the “Big 5”) forming the basis of personality.
References
Reward Dependence
reward-dependence
  • 0 = Less reward dependent
  • 1 = Does not show reward dependency, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Somewhat shows reward dependency
  • 4 = More reward dependent
High reward dependence is characterized by a strong motivation to act in a way that earns social or emotional rewards. Extreme reward dependence may lead to personality or addictive disorders. This trait is moderately heritable, but mostly influenced by our upbringing and environment during development.
References
Childhood Intelligence
childhood-intelligence
  • 0 = Less high
  • 1 = Slightly poor
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slightly higher
  • 4 = Higher
Intelligence in childhood, as measured by IQ tests, is correlated with important outcomes in later life, such as educational attainment, income, and health. The referenced study on children aged 6-18 years old found that while no single SNP could explain variance in childhood intelligence independently, the aggregate effect of an array of SNPs predicted 22-46% of variance in childhood intelligence.
References
Hearing Ability
hearing-function
  • 0 = Less acute
  • 1 = Slightly poor
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slightly better
  • 4 = More acute
Hearing ability is heritable. While research is still in the early stages, a candidate causal gene for human hearing ability identified in the referenced study was found to play a role in early development and maintenance of hearing function in mouse models.
References
Reading and Spelling Ability
reading-and-spelling-ability
  • 0 = Less acute
  • 1 = Slightly poor
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slightly better
  • 4 = More acute
Spelling and reading comprehension skills are important foundational language skills that children acquire early on in school to set them up for success in later education. While some SNPs were found to be correlated with reading and spelling ability, significant environmental factors -- like the education you received -- plays a major role and may better account for your actual reading and spelling ability.
References
Beard Thickness
beard-thickness
  • 0 = Thinner beard
  • 1 = Tend not to get a thick beard, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to get a thicker beard
  • 4 = Thicker beard
As you may have noticed, the thickness of your beard largely reflects the beard thickness of other males in your family. Beard thickness is a highly heritable trait. Some research studies have reported on genetic markers that are linked to beard thickness.
References
Morningness
morning-person
  • 0 = Less a morning person
  • 1 = Tend not to be a morning person, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to be a morning person
  • 4 = More a morning person
Are you an early bird or a night owl? Age plays a big role -- teenagers tend toward a night owl lifestyle, while senior people are usually up at the crack of dawn. Besides your age, genetics also influences the time of day you tend to be more active and alert.
References
Genetic Weight
weight
  • 0 = Lower body weight
  • 1 = Tend not to have heavy weight, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to have heavy weight
  • 4 = Higher body weight
Body weight is the weight of the whole body including muscles, bones, organs, blood and body fat. While obesity can be hereditary, there are many other factors influencing body weight that are within your control: your diet, exercise, sleep, and lifestyle habits.
References
BMI
bmi
  • 0 = Lower
  • 1 = Slightly lower
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slightly higher
  • 4 = Higher
Body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to adult men and women. It is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. A score of over 25 is considered overweight, and obese if over 30. A score below 18.5 is considered underweight.
References
Motion Sickness
motion-sickness
  • 0 = Less likely to get motion sickness
  • 1 = Tend to not get motion-sickness, slightly
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slight tendency to get motion sickness
  • 4 = More likely to get motion sickness
Research on motion sickness suggests that nausea associated with movement in a car, boat, or airplane is hereditary. Specific genetic markers have been identified.
References
Earlobe Size
lobe-size
  • 0 = Smaller earlobes
  • 1 = Slightly smaller ear lobe size
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slightly bigger ear lobe size
  • 4 = Larger earlobes
Ear lobes are not a facial feature most people take note of, or even notice, when encountering another person. However, if you think carefully, you may recall that people you know have earlobes of varying sizes and shapes. In fact, the size of earlobes has been associated with several genetic markers. Buddha must have had the genetic variant for extra large earlobes!
References
Body Fat Percentage
body-fat-percentage
  • 0 = Less body fat
  • 1 = Slightly lower fat percentage
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slightly higher fat percentage
  • 4 = More body fat
Body fat percentage is a common measure for obesity. Keeping track of body fat percentage and keeping it in check while losing weight is the best way to avoid rebound weight gain.
References
Endurance Performance
endurance-performance
  • 0 = Poor endurance performance
  • 1 = Slightly poor endurance performance
  • 2 = Intermediate
  • 3 = Slightly better endurance performance
  • 4 = Good endurance performance
There are two main types of muscle fiber: slow twitch and fast twitch muscle fibers. Slow twitch generates continuous energy steadily and is suited for endurance performance. Fast twitch provides shorts bursts of power and is geared toward power performance that requires rapid energy for a short amount of time. Everyone has both types of muscles, but its ratio differs among individuals. There is initial evidence that exercise may alter this ratio.
References